More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC

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Show simple item record Stoop, Nik Verpoorten, Marijke Van der Windt, Peter 2018-08-23T13:04:02Z 2018-08-23T13:04:02Z 2018-08
dc.identifier.citation Stoop, N., Verpoorten, M., Van der Windt, P. (2018). More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC. Cape Town: SALDRU, UCT. (SALDRU Working Paper Number 231).
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-928281-92-4
dc.description.abstract The Dodd Frank Act was passed by the US Congress in July 2010 and included a provision – Section 1502 – that aimed to break the link between conflict and minerals in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. To date there is only one rigorous quantitative analysis that investigates the impact of Dodd- Frank on local conflict events. Looking at the short-term impact (2011-2012), it finds that the policy backfired. This study builds on a larger, more representative, dataset of mining sites and extends the time horizon by three years (2013-2015). The results indicate that the policy also backfired in the longer run, especially in areas home to gold mines. For territories with the average number of gold mines, the introduction of Dodd-Frank increased the incidence of battles with 44%; looting with 51% and violence against civilians with 28%, compared to pre-Dodd Frank averages. Delving deeper into the impact of the conflict minerals legislation is important, as President Trump suspended the legislation in February 2017 for a two-year period, ordering his administration to replace it with another policy. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship We thank Dominic Parker and Bryan Vadheim for sharing their data and codes. We further thank Dominic Parker and two anonymous referees for helpful comments and suggestions. We are grateful to the International Peace Information Service for sharing their data. This paper is published in PLOS ONE ( en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Saldru Working Paper;231
dc.title More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US

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