Wages and Wage Inequality in South Africa 1994–2011: Part 2 – Inequality Measurement and Trends

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dc.contributor.author Wittenberg, Martin
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-31T13:02:21Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-31T13:02:21Z
dc.date.issued 2017-06
dc.identifier.citation Wittenberg, M. (2017), Wages and Wage Inequality in South Africa 1994-2011: Part 2 - Inequality Measurement and Trends, South African Journal of Economics, vol 85(2):298-318. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1111/saje.12147
dc.description.abstract We analyse the long‐term trends in wage inequality in South Africa, using household survey data. We show that the trends in household income inequality are largely driven by changes in wage inequality. Given the detailed nature of our series we show that measurement issues and breaks in the series need to be dealt with in order to draw robust conclusions from the data. Most standard inequality measures show that wage inequality has increased over the period. Nevertheless the choice of measure matters, because there are different trends in different parts of the distribution. It appears that the distribution below the median has become more compressed, while the top of the wage distribution has moved away from the median. The inequality in the labour market translates into even higher inequality in society given that high earners tend to live together with other high earners while low wage individuals often end up sharing their incomes with the unemployed. Furthermore there are many South Africans with access to no wage income. Given the trends analysed here it is not surprising that overall inequality in South Africa has not come down or has even increased since the end of apartheid. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher South African Journal of Economics en_US
dc.subject gini coefficient en_US
dc.subject race en_US
dc.subject survey data en_US
dc.subject imputation en_US
dc.subject household inequality en_US
dc.title Wages and Wage Inequality in South Africa 1994–2011: Part 2 – Inequality Measurement and Trends en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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